As the name rightly suggests, it is indeed a very bitter veggie, so no surprises! It is otherwise called karela or Momordicacharantia. It belongs to the gourd family and is used in many types of Asian dishes. Though bitter and unloved by most, bitter gourd is an absolute blessing with its many benefits. The importance of bitter gourd is that it is blessed with various antioxidant and antimicrobial properties. It helps boost metabolism and immunity. Bitter gourd, like armor, protects us from a myriad of diseases, and although it is surpassed by other vegetables, it has many benefits to offer.
Importance Of Bitter Gourd:
Bitter gourd acts as an excellent blood purifier and to get the most out of the bitter gourd it is recommended that we consume it in the form of juice. Drinking bitter gourd juice regularly helps to remove toxins from the blood. It helps in the treatment of various skin conditions. It treats acne, psoriasis, rashes and the blood is boiling. Some studies state that it may even inhibit the growth of cancer cells.
Wonderful Bitter Gourd Benefits
Here are our 18 science-backed health benefits of bitter gourds. Let’s take a look at them.
1. Antibacterial Properties
Bitter gourd has several impressive health benefits. Another notable health benefits of bitter gourds are its excellent antibacterial properties for treating various infections. Concentrates of bitter gourd leave benefits have been shown to be viable against numerous microbes, including E. coli and salmonella, and Helicobacter pylori, the microscopic organisms that cause stomach ulcers. It is known to increase our overall resistance and protect us from viral infections. It protects us from viruses like HIV, the Epstein Barr virus, just to name a few.
2. Antimalarial Treatment
The World Health Organization has reported that malaria is still one of the leading diseases in the world. Momordicacharantia L. (bitter gourd) is a medicinal plant that is widely used in almost all folkloric remedies to treat malaria, all over the world. There have been studies investigating the effects of M. charantia L (bitter melon) on malaria. Extracts of M. charantia had intrinsic antimalarial properties that were dose dependent. The result showed that M. charantia was highly effective in suppressing malaria at the highest dose tested . Bitter gourd is used in medicine in the form of tablets, capsules or pills.
3. Prevent Kidney Stones
Kidney stones are nothing but hardened formations of calcium oxalate or calcium phosphate. Bitter melon can help remove kidney stones from the body and break them down naturally. Bitter melon also helps reduce the high acid content that produces painful kidney stones. They are good inhibitors of stone formation due to its antioxidant properties. Bitter gourd can be used as a kidney detox, which helps flush out kidney stones in the urine. Its antioxidant properties have a protective effect on the kidneys.
4. Pancreatic Cancer
Pancreatic cancer is one of the deadliest cancers worldwide. New studies have provided a breakthrough showing that bitter melon juice inhibits pancreatic cancer cells from metabolising glucose responsible for causing malignancy in the pancreas. The efficacy of bitter melon juice has been observed where it cuts off and ultimately kills the cells’ energy source. Bitter melon juice causes pancreatic cancer cell death and may be effective against pancreatic cancer.
5. Good Liver Tonic
Benefits of bitter gourds for the liver are that it purifies blood, activates liver and spleen. This is a common vegetable that is widely grown all over India. It has excellent medicinal properties. It is an antipyretic tonic, antibiotic and laxative. The juice helps to cleanse the bowel and cures various liver problems.
Studies have shown that a compound called Momordica Charantia protects against liver failure. It enhances the antioxidant action of the enzymes in the liver. The benefits of bitter gourd can be used in the form of supplements.
6. Benefits Of Bitter Gourds For High Blood Pressure
Bitter gourd is known as an alternative medicine for treating high blood pressure. It is rich in potassium and maintains the blood pressure of the body. Potassium helps by absorbing excess sodium from our body. Bitter gourd juice contains many essential nutrients such as iron, magnesium, vitamins including vitamin C, potassium and calcium. It is rich in dietary fiber. Bitter juices work well to cure health problems like blood pressure. If you are taking bitter melon to lower blood pressure, it is best to do so on the advice of a doctor.
7. Benefits Of Bitter Gourds During Pregnancy
Pregnancy is a state in which the body undergoes various changes. What we consume is closely linked to the development and health of the baby. The significant health benefits of bitter gourds for pregnancy are countless. Even if something is good, care must be taken to consume it in moderation. Excess bitter gourd can be a disadvantage as it can stimulate the uterus and affect the pregnancy. Bitter gourd should be added to the pregnancy diet only on the advice of your doctor.
8. Bitter Melon For Psoriasis
Regular consumption of bitter gourd is very helpful in treating all types of skin diseases and infections. Infections such as psoriasis, eczema, including fungal infections such as ringworm and athlete’s foot, can be effectively treated with the bitter gourd.
Bitter melon for psoriasis can be used in liquid form as well as bitter gourd oil or by adding it to the regular diet. This prevents skin disorders and problems such as acne, rashes, itching, etc. The result of adding bitter gourd to our diet can be seen in soft, glowing skin, due to its blood purifying properties.
9. Lowers Bad Cholesterol Levels
Bitter melon helps in reducing bad cholesterol in our bodies, and in doing so, it ensures our overall heart health. Bad cholesterol causes fatty plaque to build up in our arteries, and this can affect our heart health. So far, studies have been done on animals and we are waiting for more research in humans to determine their effect on cholesterol.
10. Karela Good For Eyes
The vitamin A and beta-carotene it contains make it vital for eye health. Vitamin C, which is found in abundance, also helps the eyes by protecting it from damage to the cell membrane. It inhibits eye complications and helps promote good vision. Despite its bitterness, this vegetable should be a welcome addition to our diet, and it is wise to start this early in children so as not to miss out on its eye health benefits.
11. Prevents Helminthic Infections
In simple terms, helminthiasis can also be called helminth infection. It is the macroparasitic disease of humans where part of the body gets infected with parasitic worms known as worms. Helminthic infection is a common problem. The primary target of helminthic infection is the GI system.
Helminthic infection can be treated efficiently in three ways, namely medicinal use, dietary modification and lifestyle management. It helps to reduce the worm load. Helminthic infection can be treated with traditional medicines such as Momordicacharantia. The extracts of bitter gourd have been found to be pharmacologically active against worms.
12. Karela For Weight Loss
Bitter gourd for weight loss contains antioxidants that help cleanse and flush the system. It helps boost our metabolism and cleanse the digestive tract, allowing us to lose weight quickly. Another benefit would be the filling component and calorie control. Calorie control occurs when you eat low-calorie vegetables. You can consume more of it and the filling is water in bitter melon. Water helps fight unwanted hunger.
Bitter gourd is low in fat, carbohydrates and calories that prevent our body from absorbing fat. These three components help to control weight and prevent overeating, which leads to weight loss.
13. Prevent Heart Disease
Bitter gourd benefits the heart in several ways, such as lowering bad cholesterol and removing blockages in the arteries. Karela’s health benefits reduce the risk of heart attack. Karela helps regulate blood sugar levels which keeps the heart pumping properly.
All you need to do is consume karela juice and keep your heart healthy. It is not difficult to find an easy remedy for certain heart conditions with the help of bitter melon. This vegetable is beneficial for heart health in several ways. Bitter gourd does not clog artery walls and helps to maintain proper blood sugar levels.
14. Bitter Gourd For Diabetes
Bitter gourd contains at least 3 active substances with antidiabetic properties. They are charantine, which has been confirmed to have a blood glucose lowering effect, an insulin-like compound known as polypeptide-p, and vicine, and an insulin-like compound known as polypeptide-p. These substances work individually or together to help lower blood sugar levels. The benefits of bitter gourds for diabetes consist of a substance called Polypeptide-p or p-insulin that can control diabetes naturally.
Karela juice is a great drink for diabetics. Anyone who decides to use bitter melon in his diabetes treatment should consume no more than 50-100 millilitres per day. Make a mixture of fenugreek powder, Jamun seed powder, neem powder and karela powder in equal proportions. Consume 1 teaspoon of this half an hour before lunch and dinner along with water.
15. Boost Immune System
Bitter gourd strengthens the immune system and fights bacteria and viruses, boosting immunity. It helps prevent indigestion and allergies. The antioxidants are effective against disease and help fight free radical damage that can cause various types of cancer.
A study found that the benefits of bitter gourds for cancer have anti-tumor and anti-cancer properties that reduce the risk of prostate, cervical and breast cancers. Add bitter melon to the diet to boost immunity and help fight both minor and major diseases.
16. Prevents Piles
Piles is a health condition in which the veins inside or outside the lower rectum become swollen. In severe cases, bleeding can sometimes occur. When left unchecked, this condition can often lead to complications such as chronic blood loss or colorectal cancer.
The fiber content helps stacks due to the high fiber content. Bitter gourd juice is beneficial in piles. Those with chronic hemorrhoids can drink juice made from a combination of bitter melon and buttermilk every morning for a month. With this remedy you can quickly see a drastic improvement.
17. Best Karela Healing Properties
Bitter melon has amazing healing properties where it can help fight asthma, improve blood flow and clotting. The wounds heal faster and prevent any kind of infection. It helps treat the stomach against all kinds of infections and constipation. Doctors recommend adding bitter gourd or bitter melon to our regular diet.
Bitter gourd helps to reduce intestinal disorders and improve the overall digestion of the body. Its healing ability is one of the reasons why bitter melon is widely suggested.
18. Karela Nutrition Facts
Bitter gourd juice contains many essential nutrients ranging from magnesium, iron and vitamins to potassium and vitamin C. It is an excellent source of dietary fiber. It contains twice as much calcium in spinach, beta-carotene in broccoli and potassium in a banana.
Bitter melon is full of health and nutrition with vitamins and minerals such as vitamin A1, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin C, zinc, calcium, iron, potassium, copper and phosphorus.
Benefits Of Bitter Gourds For Skin
Here we enlisted the 2 best karela benefits for skin. Let’s take a look at them.
19. Prevents Aging
The best way to get a fantastic glow on the skin is to consume bitter gourd regularly. The karela benefits for the skin consist of powerful antioxidants such as Vitamin A and Vitamin C. Both go a long way in preventing premature aging and slowing down the aging process. It also reduces fine lines and wrinkles.
The vitamin A, zinc, vitamin C and biotin give the skin a glow. The blood purifying properties in the bitter gourd can treat all types of skin infections. It helps fight acne and gives a healthy and glowing skin. The easiest way to get bitter melon is to mix the cut pieces in a blender, strain and consume the juice.
20. Treat Acne
The benefits of bitter gourds for the skin help fight pimples and deep skin infections. It helps in treating acne with its anti-inflammatory properties. Consumption of karela helps in getting rid of acne, skin infections and scars.
Bitter gourd is an excellent source of vitamins B1, B3, B2, and C. It is rich in calcium and iron. Bitter gourd is full of dietary fiber. This bitter vegetable is also packed with magnesium, zinc, folate, phosphorus and manganese. Consuming bitter melon in moderate amounts every day can do wonders for your skin and overall health.
Bitter Gourd Benefits For Hair
Here we have enlisted the 5 best benefits of bitter melon for hair. Let’s take a look at them.
21. Treat Rough And Tousled Hair
Bitter gourd is a blessing for anyone who suffers from rough, tousled and dull hair. Coarse hair can cause scalp damage and hair loss.
- Pour Some Bitter Gourd Juice Over The Hair.
- Leave It On For The Next Fifteen To Twenty Minutes.
- Rinse Hair With Warm Water And Wash With A Mild Shampoo.
- This Smoothes Out The Frizzy Hair And Gives You Soft, Shiny And Silky Hair.
- The benefits of bitter gourds for hair will also be helped by another useful remedy to apply bitter gourd juice and yogurt to hair and wash it after 10 minutes. This will give you smooth and shiny hair.
22. Prevent Dry And Itchy Scalp
Dry hair can be very itchy, and it can significantly reduce self-confidence. Itchy scalp can be very embarrassing, especially in public. Excessive itching can also lead to hair loss. There are natural ways to cure a dry and itchy scalp.
Karela benefits can be experienced here where all you need to do is rub the scalp with a freshly cut bitter gourd slice. Massage this for the next ten minutes and then cleanse the hair with an herbal shampoo. To combat any kind of itching, one can also use bitter gourd pack. Make a paste of banana and bitter gourd juice and apply it all over the scalp. This itching should improve significantly within a week.
23. Treats Hair Loss
Bitter gourd juice not only helps prevent hair loss and reduce hair loss, but also helps to strengthen the hair. Bitter melon for hair growth can be achieved by regularly applying bitter gourd to the scalp. This can reduce hair loss and premature graying of the hair. It helps treat split ends and rough hair and counteracts itchiness.
Bitter gourd juice can be applied directly to stop hair loss. It can be mixed with curd and massaged on the scalp to condition the hair effectively.
24. Prevents Graying Of Hair
Say goodbye to premature graying of hair with this simple yet effective home remedy with bitter gourd juice. Take some freshly squeezed bitter gourd juice and apply it on the gray strands for better results. It can effectively treat premature graying of hair.
Karela is a natural remedy that helps prevent premature graying and then washes it gently with water. This remedy inhibits premature graying of hair, but does not cause gray hair to regain its color. Apply bitter melon juice once a week to reduce gray hair.
25. Treats Dandruff
Dandruff is an annoying and annoying problem that most of us are aware of. If the scalp is extremely dry and the hair is rough, we just need to rub a piece of bitter gourd and massage the scalp, or you can apply bitter gourd juice over the hair. If you feel itchiness in the scalp, try applying bitter gourd juice mixed with mashed banana as it can work wonders on the hair. Remember to use it once a week.
Another benefit of bitter gourd would be to mix some bitter gourd juice with cumin seeds and apply it on the hair before showering. After 10 minutes, rinse the hair gently with lukewarm water. This remedy must be done diligently for a month to witness effective results.
Bitter Gourd Side Effects
Some of karela’s side effects can be associated with various adverse effects when consumed in excess.
Some Of The Side Effects Have Been Linked To Diarrhea, Stomach Pain, And Vomiting.
It Is Not Recommended For Pregnant Women Due To Side Effects Such As Bloating And Gas
You Should Consult A Doctor Before Ingesting Bitter Melon, Especially If You Are Taking Blood Sugar Lowering Medications.
Be Sure To Check With Your Doctor If You Have Any Underlying Health Conditions Before Beginning Any Bitter Gourd Treatment.
Be Careful With Bitter Melon As It Can Cause Side Effects And Interfere With Other Medications.
Some Of The Complications And Risks Of Bitter Melon Include Diarrhea, Intestinal Problems, Vomiting, Vaginal Bleeding, Contractions, Abortion, A Dangerous Drop In Blood Sugar When Used With Insulin, Liver Damage, Etc.
Despite its overwhelming bitterness, this vegetable has a major impact on our overall health. We hope the benefits discussed in this article helped you find ways to add this underrated vegetable to your regular diet. Please leave your comments below as we’d love to hear about your experiences processing this veggie and how you benefited from it!