Most nutrients are found in corn grains. They provide the necessary calories, are a rich source of vitamins (A, B, E), minerals and fiber. The antioxidants contained in the grains act as anticarcinogenic agents and prevent Alzheimer’s disease.
It is one of the very popular and relatively widely used cereals. It is also an excellent addition to any meal. It is rich in phytochemicals.
Vegetable or grain?
Actually they are both.
Corn on the cob, or sweet corn, is a traditional summertime favorite and is considered a member of the starchy vegetable group, according to Dietary Guidelines for Americans. Several cultivars of sweet corn exist with variations in sweetness, color and ripening. Sweet corn is canned or frozen and comes in many varieties, such as white, bicolor, and creamed.
Whole baby corn is miniature sweet corn that is harvested very young when the kernels are still in the early stages. Baby corn is sweet and soft enough to be eaten raw.
Corn to be dried is consumed as grain. Popcorn is considered a whole grain. But not just any corn will pop. Popcorn is a specially grown variety. It has a hard, moisture-resistant hull that surrounds a dense bag of starch that explodes when heat from steam builds up in the hull.
Used to feed livestock and to make corn syrup, field corn is also a grain. Hominy, another grain, is made by soaking corn in an alkaline solution, making the B vitamins and amino acids bioavailable, according to the Whole Grains Council. Polenta is a grain made from coarsely ground corn.
Health benefits of corns
These include the regulation of diabetes, the prevention of heart disease, the reduction of hypertension.
A rich source of calories
- Corn is a rich source of calories and is an important nutrient in many countries.
- Reduces the risk of hemorrhoids and colorectal cancer.
- The fiber contained in corn helps alleviate indigestion acts as a supportive agent against cancer, especially of the colon.
- Fiber also stimulates intestinal peristalsis and the production of gastric juices and bile.
A rich source of vitamins
In corn you will find a variety of vitamins – thiamine (essential for maintaining nerve health and cognitive function), niacin (its deficiency leads to diseases characterized by diarrhea, dementia or dermatitis, these problems occur mainly in malnourished people), pantothenic acid (essential vitamin for carbohydrates). , protein and lipid metabolism in the body, vitamin E (natural antioxidant).
- Corn is a rich source of antioxidants that help fight free radicals, which result, among other things, in the formation and development of cancer.
- It is a rich source of feluric acid (anticarcinogenic agent), which is effective in the fight against breast or liver cancer.
- Anthocyanins also act as scavengers and eliminators of free radicals
Research has shown that corn oil has antiatherogenic effects on blood cholesterol levels, reducing the risk of various cardiovascular diseases. Corn oil supports heart health mainly thanks to the optimal combination of fatty acids. The chances of clogging the arteries are reduced.
Fight against anemia
Corn contains a large amount of iron, which is one of the basic minerals needed to make new red blood cells. Iron deficiency is one of the main causes of anemia.
Corn contains a large amount of fatty acids, so it can worsen the health of people who are at higher risk of developing heart disease. Likewise, fructose corn syrup, which is used as a cheap sweetener, is not (in large quantities) healthy. It is often the cause of obesity and has a negative effect on blood sugar levels.